Recount Text

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Pengertian

Recount Text adalah suatu jenis teks yang kontennya menceritakan kembali suatu peristiwa nyata atau kegiatan yang menimpa seseorang di masa lampau. Tujuan teks ini ialah untuk menceritakan kembali kisah nyata di masa lalu selain juga bertujuan untuk menghibur pembacanya

Recount Text dengan tujuan menceritakan kembali pengalaman penulis secara pribadi disebut sebagai personal Recount Text. Selanjutnya, jenis kedua adalah Recount Text yang dibuat untuk menjelaskan kejadian yang terjadi secara faktual, seperti kejadian ilmiah dalam ilmu pengetahuan atau kecelakaan seperti laporan kepolisian, disebut sebagai Factual Recount Text. kemudian, terdapat juga Recount Text dengan tujuan imajinatif, yaitu menuliskan peristiwa imajinasi dari penulis pada kejadian di masa lalu yang disebut sebagai Imaginative Recount Text. Dan yang terakhir Historical Recount Text merupakan jenis Recount Text yang membahas tentang sejarah baik itu tempat bersejarah maupun benda bersejarah.

Deskripsi waktu pada Recount Text lebih jelas dari pada Narrative Text. Jika pada Narrative Text hanya menggunakan “Once upon time”, pada Recount Text biasanya menyebutkan hari seperti “on monday”, “in the next day”, “then”, etc.

Struktur Recount Text

  1. Orientation (Pembuka)

Orientation berisi awalan cerita. Bagian ini biasanya menjelaskan tentang latar cerita seperti tempat dan        waktu kejadian.

  1. Event(Isi)

Event berisi inti cerita dari recount text. Bagian ini menjelaskan kejadian secara berurutan dari kejadian A      ke kejadin B.

  1. Reorientation(Kesimpulan atau Penutup Teks)

Reorientation berisi pengulangan dan penutup jalannya cerita.

Contoh

Cinema ticket

Orientation

Last week I went to the theatre. It was the only theatre at my town. I had 1 free ticket to watch a movie. I had no idea about the movie I would like to watch and I did not know the schedule of that theatre. So that, I just wanted to come and see if there was any good movie.

Event

I parked my motorcycle at the parking area and I walked slowly at the hall of the theatre. I took my ticket on my wallet and go to the information section to ask about how to use the ticket that day. Unfortunately, I missed it. The ticket was already expired 2 days before.

Reorientation

I went home and I was very disappointed about that.

NARRATIVE TEXT

Pengertian

Narrative text adalah cerita non fiksi yang bisa berbentuk dongeng, fabel (cerita yang tokohnya adalah hewan), cerita rakyat, dan lain sebagainya. Ceritanya lebih bersifat khayalan. Tujuan teks naratif adalah untuk menghibur sekaligus mengedukasi pembaca melalui cerita yang ditulisakan dalam teks tersebut.     Deskripsi waktu pada Narrative Text kurang detail. Dalam Narrative Text tidak mencantumkan kapan kejadian yang diceritakan terjadi. Narrative Text hanya menuliskan “Once upon time” dan “Once day”, untuk mendeskripsikan waktu.

Sruktur Narrative Text
  1. Orientation: Bagian ini merupakan bagian yang memperkenalkan cerita melalui pengenalan karakter, tempat dan waktu terjadinya peristiwa dalam cerita dan lain sebagainya.
  2. Complication: Bagian ini merupakan bagian ketika problem yang dihadapi tokoh utama dalam cerita mulai dimunculkan.
  3. Resolution: Bagian ini menunjukkan kisah ketika tokoh utama berusaha menyelesaikan masalahnya serta bagian yang akan menjadi akhir dari cerita.
Contoh

A Hungry CrocodileOrientation

One day, there was a hungry crocodile waiting a prey near the lake in the jungle. That crocodile hiding under the surface of the lake for a long time, but there was not yet any prey approaching that lake to drink. That crocodile was so cruel and thus it had no friend and the other animals hate it so much.

Complication

At the afternoon, the crocodile could not stay any longer to the lake. It finally walked to the ground. But that day was unlucky day for that crocodile. After getting at the bank of the lake suddenly there was a big branch of the tree falling upon its neck. The crocodile could not move at all. Not long after the falling branch, finally there was a buffalo coming to the lake to drink. The buffalo saw the crocodile and the buffalo was afraid and would leave that lake soon. But the crocodile asked it sadly to help.

The buffalo felt sad about it and decided to help the crocodile. But after helping the crocodile, the buffalo got something unexpected. The crocodile bit the buffalo’s leg and the buffalo shouted loudly asking help for any other animal near it. Kancil that was at the way to go to the Lake heard the buffalo’s voice. Kancil run quickly to see what had happened to the buffalo.

Near the lake, kancil saw the buffalo and the crocodile. Kancil asked: “what happened?” And the buffalo answered: “the crocodile bite my leg after I help to remove the big branch from its neck”. The crocodile also said: “I’m hungry and you are at my territory, therefore I bit you poor buffalo.” The crocodile laughed at the buffalo. Kancil said to buffalo, “It is impossible you had helped the crocodile, thus the crocodile had the right to bite you.”

The buffalo said, “I’m not telling a lie. I can prove it.” Kancil said, “I believe that crocodile is right, but then you can try to prove your telling. But first crocodile must release your bite, okay?” Crocodile said, “Okay, it is easy, but after that I will eat the buffalo.” Kancil said, “Okay, deal.”

Resolution

The buffalo laid the big branch at the former position, upon the crocodile’s neck. After that suddenly kancil said, “Lets run buffalo, lets run!” The buffalo and kancil run as fast as possible and the crocodile had realized that it is had been fooled by kancil. The crocodile was still trapped there and there was no one helped it.

Bigssmart

im smart with you dayat

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